What do Guppies Eat? The Definitive Guide 2021

What do Guppies Eat? The Definitive Guide 2021

Guppy fish is also known as million fish with their bright colors and beautiful or energetic body is widely kept fish in aquariums.

Guppies are live-bearing and were native to South America. But now they have been introduced to the whole world. They are found in freshwater and commercially available in different breeds.

Each breed differs in body shape, size, color, or tail. Guppies are low-maintained fish with peaceful nature. Guppies are also cheap and give beauty to the fish tank. Male guppies are smaller in size and of bright color. Guppies easily adjust themselves to the environment and are able to reproduce at a greater rate.

They colonize every kind of freshwater and are abundantly found in smaller water bodies. Food and diet are always a major concern of fish keepers. Diet plays a great role in the well-being of guppy fish.

What do Guppies eat? In this post, you will learn a complete guide for what kind of food do guppy fish eat? How and when you can feed your guppy.

Let’s dive right in:

What Kind of Food Do Guppy Fish Eat?

Guppy fish are omnivorous mean they can eat a diversity of food. To satisfy their nature, they can eat meat and a plant-based diet.

What do guppies in the wild give an idea for what to feed guppies in captivity?

Like other tropical fish, guppy eats live food in the wild. You might wonder, but guppies also eat plants like algae. Not only limited to plants they can eat the dead organic matter including the remaining plants and aquatic animals.

Broadly, what kind of food do guppy fish eat can be divided into three major groups: live foods, commercial foods, and homemade foods. Guppy needs a complete balanced diet full of nutrients from all these groups. It is not a good option to feed guppies just on fish flakes or either alga.

Temperature is also a factor to be considered when you feed your guppy. In cold water, guppy fish metabolism slows down, and they eat less food. Maintain an ideal temperature of the water so that guppy can eat food in good quantity.

Live Food

Guppy fish eat insect larvae, bloodworms, brine shrimp, and diatoms in wild. Most fish keepers have a misconception that guppy can eat and thrive on just algae. Algae are the least nutritious and provide a poor diet to a guppy. Live food must be your first priority to feed guppies. Interesting to know that guppy readily eats mosquitos.

Therefore, the guppy has been used to control malaria in certain regions. Live food provides high nutrients and fats to a guppy. But it also carries some risk points with it. There is always a threat of parasites and diseases from live food. Culturing your live food like mosquito larvae or brine shrimp at home is a good option. It will also be difficult and can spread a mess at home.So buying live food from a reputable store is recommended.

Though it cannot completely guarantee parasite-free food, but it can be safe to some extent. As a guppy fish keeper, don’t provide live food on a daily basis. Live food must be a part of the diet, along with other food. Feeding live food twice a week is best.

Commercial Food

In this busy life, everyone will prefer to buy food from the market. It will be easy to feed and of high quality. Commercial food for guppy includes a diversity of food from frozen food to pallets and flakes.

Frozen food is the same to live food with a good nutritional count. You can choose frozen brine shrimp, daphnia, and bloodworms. Freeze-dried is a type of frozen food with the moisture removed.

You should keep the freeze-dried food in the water to soften it by regaining the moisture. It is a great source of protein for a guppy. Freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex worms are an excellent choice for guppies.

Before buying commercially frozen or freeze-dried food, keep in mind to buy high-quality food. Providing these live food once or twice a week will be enough for guppies. As they are of high protein content so they can create health issues in guppies when given in excessive quantities.

Despite the live food, you should feed your guppies with the pellets and flakes. Fish keepers prefer to buy the flakes as they are cheap and easily available. But the problem with the flakes is they have fillers.

Fillers are not considered healthy for fish. Check the ingredients of flakes before buying. It must not contain any kind of fillers like wheat. Pellets are much more nutritious and healthy than flakes. Guppies can also eat betta pellets. Veggie pellets are a good option for guppy, they contain both protein and vegetable content.

Try to provide a combination of food to guppy from pellets, flakes, and live food.

Homemade Food

Guppy fish mostly eat algae and plants in the wild. Algae serves as the staple food for a guppy.

The homemade food will provide nutrients to the guppy fish. You can culture the insects or brine shrimp in your house. It is a little bit difficult but it will be free of parasites and will be healthy for a guppy.

Egg yolk can also be given to guppy in small quantities. It contains a high quantity of proteins and other nutrients. Make a paste of the boiled yolk and give it to guppy fish. You can give the beef heart to the guppy fries. It is also high in protein content. Crush the beef heart free of fat and then give to guppy in minute quantity.

Whenever you don’t have pellets or flakes to feed guppy, vegetables will best option.

They can also eat a wide variety of vegetables. Guppies can eat carrots, chopped lettuce, small quantities of fruits, and flour or corn. You can also feed boiled rice to the guppies.

How and Much You Should Feed Your Guppy

Guppies are not picky eaters, but they will eat most food provided to them.

They have a very small stomach and cannot digest more food. Excessive feeding can cause health issues for a guppy. They can even prone to death due to overeating.

Overfeeding also leads the food to be uneaten in the tank, causing spikes of ammonia and nitrates. Proper feeding is necessary for the health and activeness of guppy. Feeding twice a day is the best choice.

Provide a portion of food to guppy that they can eat in three minutes. Don’t provide all the live food at a time to a guppy. Divide it into small pieces and give it to the guppy.

For frozen food, defrost the small quantity that you will give to guppy at one time.

Refreezing the defrosted food develops bacteria in it, causing diseases. Soak the pieces of freeze-dried food in water to melt so guppy can easily digest it. Also, grow some plants in the tank of guppy.

They will eat algae even if food is not available.

How Long can Guppy Survive Without Food?

Guppies are active swimmers and swim more frequently in the tank than other fishes.

The average lifespan of guppy fish is about two years. Low feeding and malnourishment can decrease the lifespan of fish. Generally, guppy fish can survive for about two weeks without eating food.

Therefore, it is recommended to grow plants in the tank. If you are going on vacation, you should take some steps for the feeding of guppy. You can set an automatic feeder to feed guppies with the food.

Change the water of the tank before leaving. Guppy will survive in freshwater for about two weeks. Clean the dead organic matter of plants from the tank. This dead matter can cause poisoning for fish. Guppy needs to be fed properly in a day for their well-being.

Bottom Line

Guppies are omnivorous and need a combination of food with plants and animals. You can feed fish flakes daily by alternating them with pellets. Giving a treat of live or freeze-dried will accomplish the protein needs of guppy. Make a schedule of feeding routine for the guppy. You should provide balanced food to guppy at the proper time in the day. Avoid overfeeding and maintain the health of guppy to the possible extent.


Why Do Guppies Die So Easily?

The setting of a fish tank is important for the healthy living of guppy. Temperature fluctuations can cause the death of guppy. If guppy doesn’t get proper oxygen in the tank, they will die. Too warm water has a low dissolved oxygen level, guppy will suffocate. Poor water quality with dead organic matter decreases the life of guppy, subjecting them to death. You should clean the tank regularly to provide an ideal environment for a guppy.

Do Guppies Need Sunlight?

Guppies have a natural sleeping cycle dependent on dark. They need light to wake up, eat food, and swim in the tank. Sunlight is also necessary for guppy but not direct sunlight. Direct sunlight will warm up the water to stress the guppy. Maintaining an artificial light over the aquarium will compensate for the need for light for a guppy. Direct sunlight will also pollute the tank by the excessive growth of algae and plants.

Do Guppies Need Live Plants?

Guppies do need live plants in the tank as the algae are the staple food for the guppy. Live plants also clean the water of the tank. Guppies love live plants as they provide them a sense of security, and they happily swim in the tank. You can grow moss balls in the tank. It is a natural source of algae. Or Anacharis, guppies grass, and water lettuce can also be a good option.

So that’s all for my guide to what to feed guppies.
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